Rafael Medina was born on September 10, 1929 at Zia Pueblo, NM. His Zia Pueblo name is, Tee-ya-cha-na. He was educated at Zia Day School, Zia Pueblo; Albuquerque Indian School and Santa Fe Indian School where he studied under Velino Herrera, Jose Rey Toledo. He used water based paints, caseins which is a milk based paint and scratch boards. The paintings he made are very detailed in costume, hairstyles and ritual paraphernalia (Tanner, pg. 158).According to Medina's son, Marcellus Medina, his father's style was like the first generation of Native American Indian artists that were under Dorothy Dunn.
This painting is an original gouache with koshare dancing. This painting has very fine lines that has been done with a steady hand. The white on black is very drastic and makes everything pop. Also the signature has Zia sun emblem that is used by the state of NM. This painting reflects the 2D style that was popular among first generation Native American Indian painters. This painting is framed with glass and has no damage. A beautiful painting to add to your collection.
1. Tanner, Lee, Clara. "Southwest Indian Painting" (1980) The University of Arizona Press.